The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a critically endangered species in Southern Europe. It is the most endangered cat species in the world. extinctions since the Smilodon 10,000 years ago. The species used to be classified as a subspecies of the Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx), but is now considered a separate species. Both species occurred together in central Europe in the Pleistocene epoch, being separated by habitat choice. The Iberian lynx is believed to have evolved from Lynx issiodorensis.